Laboratory Services

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Clinical Pathology

The Clinical Pathology Laboratory is situated in MAC’s dedicated research site in Manchester. MAC has invested in state-of-the-art equipment in a world class facility to support our services using Siemens and Sysmex technology, enabling us to produce high quality laboratory study results and rapid turnaround of data.

Clinical Pathology is one of the key components supporting our clinical research studies. MAC’s highly qualified and experienced scientific team have broad ranging skills, which ensures that the study protocol test regimen is followed meticulously. The team are proactive and dedicated, working to UKA15189 standards, supplemented with continuous professional development to maintain professional standards.

MAC’s Clinical Pathology Laboratory offers:

  • Haematology: Full Blood Count and Blood Film Morphology
  • Haemostasis: routine clotting screen
  • Clinical Chemistry: diabetes, drug of abuse/toxicology, general chemistry
  • Immunoassay: endocrinology, HIV, hepatitis, special infection diseases
  • Pregnancy tests
  • Urinalysis and microscopic examination
Laboratory Services at MAC

Bioanalytical Services

The Bioanalytical Laboratory forms a key component of MAC’s service provision. State-of-the-art instrumentation coupled with co-location means that our lab ensures patient safety and shorter clinical trial timelines through:

  • Rapid turnaround of samples
  • High-quality data
  • Robust quality control

The laboratory is equipped with state-of-the-art Sciex Ultra High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC) systems, coupled with Sciex’s Triple Quadrupole (QqQ) Mass Spectrometer. The use of UHPLC allows for the rapid, reliable separation of the complex mixtures that are present in biological samples, such as urine, plasma, CSF, or faeces. Combining the UHPLC with the QqQ enables selective, specific, quantitative detection of drug molecules and their metabolites.

Use of LC-MS/MS enables rapid monitoring of drug levels in the bloodstream following its administration. The data can then be used to create a PK profile, which allows the appropriate dosing regimen to be determined. During a clinical trial, the amount of drug detected in the patient’s blood can be used to ensure compliance or check for accumulation.

The laboratory staff use their experience to:

  • Transfer existing methods from clients
  • Modify methods as needed
  • Create bespoke methods when required


All methods used in the laboratory undergo rigorous validation to determine:

  • Specificity
  • Linearity and range
  • Accuracy
  • Precision
  • Limit of detection
  • Limit of quantitation
  • Ruggedness
  • Robustness


This ensures all methods used within the laboratory are fit-for-purpose.

Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Analysis

Pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis is the study of how a drug reacts to or interacts with the human body. Analyses can be produced from looking at:

  • Absorption
  • Distribution
  • Elimination
  • Metabolism
  • The relationship between time and plasma drug concentration
  • The impact of other covariates on drug concentrations

PK studies can inform investigators of optimal dose selection or the need for dose adjustment, as well as therapeutic drug monitoring.

PK analysis can be provided in the context of a full clinical study, integrating with in-house statistics and programming teams developing and delivering in line with all pre-planned and PK-specific deliveries. PK support can also be delivered as a stand-alone service, where our team will work with external stakeholders to deliver to a high-quality standard using MAC’s and/or external processes.   MAC’s PK specialists derive relevant PK parameters using non-compartmental data analysis in industry-standard software (Phoenix WinNonlin), and (if required) will work with statistical programming to develop high quality outputs and analyses. Individual stand-alone PK analyses and reports can also be produced.

Pharmacodynamic (PD) analysis quantifies the relationship between drug exposure and pharmacologic or toxicologic responses. MAC’s statistics team can work to incorporate all PK and PD parameters for your product, compound, or study, exploring the effect of different dose levels on individual PD parameters over time.

MAC provides the following as standalone services or within the context of a full clinical study:

  • Input into study design
  • Non-compartmental data analysis
  • Interim PK reports and summaries, both blinded and unblinded, to support early-phase research
  • End-to-end PK input, from protocol development to final case study report (CSR)
  • Statistical analyses, including:
    • PK/PD linear and non-linear mixed modelling approaches
    • Simulation techniques
    • Bioequivalence
    • Bioavailability
    • Dose-proportionality
    • Food-effect
    • Analysis of the relationship between PK and PD